The Economy today demands a better Educated workforce than ever before and jobs in this new economy require more complex knowledge and skills than jobs of the past. That’s why we need an Education System that suits and serves the development needs of the country, continent and at the same time making it globally competitive.
A Dual Education system combines apprenticeships in a company and vocational Education at a vocational School in one course. This system is being practised in several countries especially in Europe where Germany has proved to be doing very well in it and for some years now China and other countries in Asia have adopted this system as well.
Research has shown that lack of skills is one of the main reasons of unemployment among higher Educated young people and lower unemployment on adults. Employers tend to employ adults more than fresh graduates because there is a serious mismatch between the skills young people bring with them when they leave the education system and those that are sought after in labour markets.
Universities must also focus on Educating with an eye to African Markets improving education in technical fields and agriculture. This approach will give a better guidance to students and steer them towards employment in the private sector and away from enrolling in the traditional public sector entrance subjects in the Arts, Humanities and Social science.
We must also focus on expanding the Education Level on Secondary Education as the broad level on Unemployment is high on Secondary level.Many Formal Employers are looking for more practical and applied skills which can not be obtained on this level. Therefore we need more structured and specialised Institutions where those on Secondary level can get Technical and Vocational skills giving them a better chance in the Labour Market.
The Dual Education System is beneficial to both the Student and Company as well. Student benefits from the knowledge about hard skills and soft skills of more experienced co-workers therefore it is easier for him to decide whether he is able to do the job quite early and not after exams.If the Company decides to give an Employment Contract with the Student after his dual Education time, the Company benefits in getting an Employee who knows the Company’s workflow.
The challenge with this system is young people might find it hard getting a place in a Company therefore the Government should take strong measures on calling upon all Companies to take Apprentices and also introducing affordable or support Informal Sector training so that those with minimal Education level get for instance a Vocational Skill certificate which will better their chances of Employment as skilled workers. This system has proved to be successful to the Developed Countries and we should consider adopting it as well.